Overpopulation is one of the biggest chalanges our world has to face in the future. The various problems caused by overpopulation, such as shortage of drinking water, space to produce food and to live, the depletion of our natural resources, and an overflow of waste, have a huge environmental impact on our planet.
This proposal for the 2017 Evolo skyscraper of the future competition, that I entered with Sjoerd Poelman, proposes self-sustaining towers on sea, and connects the continents Europe and North America. The towers function as the pilars for a bridge structure that runs from London to New York and contains a Hyperloop system, a reduced-pressure tube with motorized capsules on air bearings, getting you to the other side of the Atlantic in less than 5 hours in a sustainable way. The system is fully electric and powered by solar panels on top of the tube shaped bridge. Solar stills underneath the tube structure produce clean drinking water as a result of vaporized salt ocean water.
The platform at the bottom of the tower is a floating island, connected to the tower by cables. The surface of this island provides a large park, with grass fields, trees, pathways and football-, tennis- and baseball fields. The level under the park is a solar collector, connected to a solar chimney that is located in the center of the tower. Air is heated in the collector and flows up the chimney, powering wind turbines to generate energy. Under water, below the island, is a waste burning facility. The heat is used to heat up the air in the solar collector, together with the sun. The emissions are filtered by a venturi scrubber.
The towers offer a great amount of housing, combined with office spaces for working. These two areas are connected by a public space with a park like character, offering places to sit and walk, surrounded by trees and with a broad view on the open ocean. The second facade layer creates more intimate spacing and separate living communities in this mega structure. It also introduces an area with green house characteristics, suitable for vertical farming.
To provide the inhabitants of the tower with food, vegetables are grown via an aeroponic system, a type of hydroponic gardening that grows plants and vegetables in the green house space within the second skin layer. In the middle of the island, at water level, a fish farm is located to provide for fresh fish.